A Judeo-Christian Bible Study
Subject-Verse Index
Writing his second letter to Timothy, the apostle Paul instructed Timothy: Thou [Timothy] therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ (2 Timothy 2:3). It becomes clear that Paul is referring to suffering as the result of preaching the gospel word of God wheen he later adds, Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel: Wherein I suffer trouble, as if [one were considered to be] an evil doer, even unto bonds [as a prisoner]; but the [gospel] word [message] of God is not bound [prevented from achieving God's purpose]. Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory (2 Timothy 2:8-10).
Why did Paul refer to his own enduring hardness, suffering trouble, suffering as an evil doer would suffer, even to the point of imprisonment, and enduring all things? The answer is that, in the context of our subject verses, Paul had just explained to Timothy that preaching the gospel, as Paul had often experienced hmself, requires enduring hardship (2 Tim 2:2), is in essence a war (2 Tim 2:4), involves striving (2 Tim 2:5), involves labor (2 Tim 2:6), involves suffering trouble (2 Tim 2:9), enduring all things (2 Tim 2:10), suffering (2 Tim 2:12), periodic unbelief (2 Tim 2:13), and not striving and arguing about words (2 Tim 2:14).
Paul summarizes his encouragement to Timothy writing, Study [Greek spoudazo, means to use speed, to make an effort, be diligent] to shew thyself approved [tested and found to be acceptable] unto God, a workman [Greek ergates, meaning a toiler, labourer, worker] that needeth not to be ashamed [disgraced and embarrased at suffering due to his preaching the gospel], rightly dividing [Greek orthotomeo, meaning to expound and understand correctly] the word [Greek logos, meaning Christ and the gospel] of truth (2 Timothy 2:15). In this context, in verse 15, the word study does not refer to opening the bible to study it in the sense that students strive to learn the information in a textbook. A similar usage is found in Pauls letter to the church in Thesallonica: And that ye study [Greek philotimeomai, being eager or earnest to do something, labour, strive] to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you (1 Thes 4:11). In fact the scriptures even warn against excessive academic study, teaching, And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much study [Hebrew lahag, intense mental applicataion, is a weariness of the flesh (Ecclesiastes 12:12).
Study to show yourself approved of God, a workman that needeth no be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth might be better translated as a steady, earnest, energetic application and effort to explain in careful detail and correctly understand the gospel and all of its' requirements [which Paul is teaching can and does certainly include suffering], an effort for which the laborer for Christ will not be ashamed nor be considered unacceptable to God the Father. In this particular context, Paul is exhorting Timothy to make the necessary effort to understand that preaching the gospel will result in various and many forms of suffering, as it had with Paul, and that this suffering for Christ should not be considered shameful by the worker, nor is it unacceptable to God. In fact, Paul teaches that for those who suffer and endure hardness for the sake of Christ and the preaching the gospel are described by Paul as a good soldier for Jesus Christ.

To be born in Bethlehem (Prophesied Micah 5:2, Fulfilled Matthew 2:1-5).
The Son of God (Prophesied Psalms 2:7, Fulfilled John 3:16-17).
Of the tribe of Judah (Prophesied Genesis 49:10, Fulfilled Hebrews 7:14).
Born of a virgin (Prophesied Isaiah 7:14, Fulfilled Matthew 1:18-22).
A prophet like Moses (Prophesied Deuteronomy 18:15, Fulfilled John 7:15-17).
Would teach in parables (Prophesied Psalms 78:1-2, Fulfilled Matthew 13:34-35).
His ministry would begin in Galilee (Prophesied Isaiah 9:1-2, Fulfilled Matthew 4:12-17).
The King of Israel (Prophesied Zechariah 9:9, Fulfilled John 12:12-15).
Would be rejected (Prophesied Isaiah 53:3, Fulfilled John 1:11).
Would be beaten (Prophesied Micah 5:1, Fulfilled Mark 15:19).
Would perform miracles (Prophesied Isaiah 35: 5-6, Fulfilled Mathew 11:2-6).
Would be silent (Prophesied Isaiah 53:7, Fulfilled Matthew 27:12-14).
Would be betrayed (Prophesied Psalms 41:9, Fulfilled Mark 14:17-20).
Would be tried and condemned (Prophesied Isaiah 53:8, Fulfilled Matthew 27:1-2).
Would be crucified (Prophesied Psalms 22:16, Fulfilled John 19:17-18).
His garments would be divided (Prophesied Psalms 22:18, Fulfilled John 19:23-24).
Was given vinegar and gall (Prophesied 69:21, Fulfilled John 19:28-29).
His bones not broken (Prophesied Exodus 12:46, Fulfilled John 19:31-36).
He is our sacrifice (Prophesied Isaiah 53:5-6, Fulfilled 1 Peter 2:24-25).
Would be raised from the dead (Prophesied Psalms 16:10, Fulfilled Luke 24: 1-7, 24).
Christ's ministry will destroy the works of the devil (Prophesied Genesis 3:15, Fulfilled 1 John 3:8).
Will have an unblemished life and ministry (Prophesied Exodus 12:5, Fulfilled Hebrews 9:14).
Would become the perfect sacrifice (Prophesied Psalms 40:6-8, Fulfilled Hebrews 10:5-10)).
Would preach righteousness and salvation (Prophesied Psalms 40:7, Fulfilled Mathew 4:17).

"And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to
the Lord, and not unto men; Knowing that of
the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ

(Colossians 3:23-24).


"The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us” (Romans 8:16-18).
"For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked: That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it” (1 Corinthians 12:24-26).

"For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know” (1 Thessalonians 3:4).

"So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure: which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer” (2 Thessalonians 1:4-5).

"It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with him: If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us” (2 Timothy 2:11-12).
"For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good? But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled” (1 Peter 3:12-14).

“For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing” (1 Peter 3:17).

“For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation. And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation” (2 Corinthians 1:5-7).

"Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death” (Philippians 3:8-10).