According to the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Silence can be defined as forbearance from speech or noise. This silence is voluntary, intentional, and temporary in our pursuit of God. Solitude is defined as the quality or state of being alone or remote from society, and again, voluntary, intentionally, and temporary. This silence and solitude are thought of as spiritual discipline and exercise with the purpose of advancing our relationship with God. The scriptures teach that the necessity for silence and solitude can be found in the old testament and the new testament, and was expecially a constant theme is the life of Jesus and His disciples. Some of the reasons for the exercise of silence and solitude are listed below.
In The Old Testament, the following verses reflect the spiritual discipline of solitude and silence:
"And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still [Hebrew, demamah, quiet, calm, silence, stillness] small voice” (1 Kings 19:11-12).
And the sons of the prophets that were at Bethel came forth to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he said, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace. And Elijah said unto him, Elisha, tarry here, I pray thee; for the LORD hath sent me to Jericho. And he said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they came to Jericho. And the sons of the prophets that were at Jericho came to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he answered, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace [Hebrew, chashah, to hush, keep quite, keep silence, be silent, be still] (2 Kings 2:3-5).
The psalmist, David, instructs us, Rest [cease, quiet self, be silent, stand still, wait] in the LORD, and wait patiently for him: fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass (Psalms 37:7).
David adds, Truly my soul waiteth [stillness, silence, silent, trust, waiteth] upon God: from him cometh my salvation (Psalms 62:1).
In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth [holds back] his lips [language, speech, talk, vain words] is wise (Proverbs 10:19).
Solomon teaches us that God has times for us to be silent and have solitude: To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: (Ecclesiastes 3:1), and later explains, A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak (Ecclesiastes 3:7), as well as, Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few (Ecclesiastes 5:2).
In The New Testament, the following verses reflect the spiritual discipline of solitude and silence:
Just prior to his temptations from the devil, and the beginning of his worldly ministries, Jesus spent 40 days alone in the desert in silence and solitude communing with His Father in heaven: Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness [Greek eremos, lonesome, wasteland, desolate, solitary] to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him (Matthew 4:1-11).
The night before Jesus chose His twelve apostle, he spent the entire night in quietness, solitude and prayer unto His Father in heaven. Scriptures tell us, And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles (Luke 6:12-13).
Upon hearing of the sad news of the beheading and death of John the Baptist, Jesus immediately went to a deserted place for quiet and solitude: And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison. And his head was brought in a charger, and given to the damsel: and she brought it to her mother. And his disciples came, and took up the body, and buried it, and went and told Jesus. When Jesus heard of it, he departed thence by ship into a desert [desolate, solitary, lonesome] place apart [alone, aside, own business, pertaining to self only, private, severally]: and when the people had heard thereof, they followed him on foot out of the cities (Matthew 14:10-13).
Jesus not only followed His ministering with silence, solitude, and prayer, but sought out a solitary place to pray before His ministered next. Scriptures instruct us, he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him. And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed. And Simon and they that were with him followed after him. And when they had found him, they said unto him, All men seek for thee. And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I may preach there also: for therefore came I forth. And he preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils (Mark 1:34-39).
After His disciples had ministered and returned, Jesus, Himself, instructed them to depart for a place of solitude and rest: And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught. And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat. Andthey departed into a desert [desolate, silitary, lonesome, waste area] place by ship privately (Mark 6:30-32).
Following His healing of a leper, Jesus withdrew into the wilderness for quiet, solitude, and prayer to His heavenly Father. Scriptures tell us,And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him. And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them. But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities. And he withdrew [vacate down, retire, go aside, withdraw self] himself into the wilderness [desolate, solitary, lonesome area], and prayed (Luke 5:12-16).
In preparation for His transfiguration, Jesus, along with three of His disciples, went apart to a high mountain: And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him. Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias. While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid. And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only. And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead (Matthew 17:1-9).
Just prior to His suffering, crucifixion, and death, Jesus sought silence, solitude, and separation from His disciples in the garden of Gethsemane. We read, Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt. And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done. And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me. And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people (Matthew 26:36-47).
From a biblical and spiritual perspective, silence and solitude can be performed for the following reasons:
To follow the example of Jesus (Luke 4:1-14, Matt 14:23, Luke 4:42).
To better hear and understand the voice and will of God (1 Kings 19:11-13, Galatians 1:17).
To express our worship to God (Hab 2:20, Zeph 1;7, Zech 2:13).
To express faith in God (Psalms 62:1-6, Isa 30:15).
To seek God's salvation (Lamentations 3:25-280.
To pursue physical or spiritual restoration (Mark 6:31).
To regain spiritual perspective (Luke 1:20).
To seek the will of God (Luke 6:12-13).
To learn and practice controlling our tongue (James 1:26, Prov 3:2, Prov 17:27-28).

TCH Mini-
                    A Judeo-Christian Bible Study
“I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long. For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and there is no soundness in my flesh. I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart. Lord, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee. My heart panteth, my strength faileth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me. My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off. They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long. But I, as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a dumb man that openeth not his mouth. Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs. For in thee, O LORD, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God. For I said, hear me, lest otherwise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me. For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me. For I will declare mine iniquity; I will be sorry for my sin. But mine enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied. They also that render evil for good are mine adversaries; because I follow the thing that good is. Forsake me not, O LORD: O my God, be not far from me. Make haste to help me, O Lord my salvation
(Psalms 38:6-22).
"There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be"
 (Romans 8:1-7).
John Wesley:
An English clergy, theologian, evangelist leader of a revival movement
Christianity Today [Web Site]
John Wesley: The Faith That Sparked The Methodist Movement [YouTube Video]
Learn Religions [Web Site]
The Life Of John Wesley [YouTube Video]
Wesley: A Heart Transformed Can Change The World [YouTube Video]
Wikipedia Encyclopedia [Web Site]
"And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you,do it"
 (John 2:1-5).
Preach the word [of truth, the gospel message]; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables"
(2 Timothy 4:2-4).
"Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. Whereforeye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to
whom honour"
(Romans 3:1-7).